Explore the science of flight by designing and creating flying toys. Participants will learn all about flying while making a variety of airborne toys. Register today!
Cost: $5 per student
Michigan Grade Level Content Expectations, Science v.1.09
- Identify the force that pulls objects towards the Earth. (P.FM.03.22)
- Demonstrate contact and non-contact forces to change motion of an object. (P.FM.05.22)
- Describe what happens when two forces act on an object in the same or opposing directions (P.FM.05.31)
- Describe how constant motion is the result of balanced (zero net) forces. (P.FM.05.32)
- Describe how changes in the motion of objects are caused by a non-zero net (unbalanced) force. (P.FM.05.33)
- Relate the size of change in motion to the strength of unbalanced forces and the mass of the object. (P.FM.05.34)
Next Generation Science Standards
Students participating in this program will explore science content as stated in the Disciplinary Core Ideas. They will engage in science and engineering practices as they plan and conduct investigations to answer questions regarding flying toys.
PS2.A: Forces and Motion
- Pushes and pulls can have different strengths and directions.
- Pushing or pulling on an object can change the speed or direction of its motion and can start or stop it.
- Each force acts on one particular object and has both strength and a direction. An object at rest typically has multiple forces acting on it, but they add to give zero net force on the object. Forces that do not sum to zero can cause changes in the object’s speed or direction of motion. (Boundary: Qualitative and conceptual, but not quantitative addition of forces are used at this level.)
PS2.B: Types of Interactions
- The gravitational force of Earth acting on an object near Earth’s surface pulls that object toward the planet’s center.
PS3.A: Definitions of Energy
- The faster a given object is moving, the more energy it possesses.
- Motion energy is properly called kinetic energy; it is proportional to the mass of the moving object.
- A system of objects may also contain stored (potential) energy, depending on their relative positions.
PS3.C: Relationship Between Energy and Forces
- A bigger push or pull makes things speed up or slow down more quickly.
ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions
- Tests are often designed to identify failure points or difficulties, which suggest the elements of the design that need to be improved.
- A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results, in order to improve it.
- Sometimes parts of different solutions can be combined to create a solution that is better than any of its predecessors.
ETS1.C: Optimizing the Design Solution
- Different solutions need to be tested in order to determine which of them best solves the problem, given the criteria and the constraints.
Flying Toys Pre-visit Materials
During your visit to the ScienceWorks Lab students will be expected to:
- Sit in tables of 6 students and (at least) 1 adult
- Be prepared to give their attention to the Lab instructors when requested to “Give Me Five”
- Work cooperatively with one another at the table
- Follow the hands-on procedures just as the Lab teacher or assistant explains them
- Handle materials and equipment carefully
It is important that teachers and chaperones:
- Help focus the students’ attention
- Assist students with the hands-on activities and experiments when necessary
- Turn off cell phones and pagers during the class
Air Resistance: Drag created by air. Parachutes help to maximize air resistance. A plane’s shape aims to minimize air resistance.
Drag: Resistance to a motion of an object.
Gravity: The force that pulls toward the center of a body of mass. The earth’s gravity acting on your body gives you weight.
Lift: A force perpendicular to the movement of air over a plane’s wing.
Rotational Velocity: The rate of how fast an object spins.
Thrust: The force that propels an object forward. For instance, throwing a ball.
Velocity: The speed and direction of an object.